• 首页 | 期刊简介 | 编委会 | 投稿须知 | 出版道德规范 | 下载专区 | English
Mbone仿真骨压缩及扭转生物力学等效性研究
Biomechanical equivalence study of Mbone simulated bone compression and torsion
投稿时间:2023-08-12  修订日期:2023-10-07
DOI:
中文关键词:  力学等效、压缩、扭转、Mbone、Sawbones、股骨
英文关键词:Mechanical equivalence, Compression, Torsion, Mbone, Sawbones, Femur
基金项目:
作者单位邮编
李钰 中国农业大学工学院中国科学院力学研究所非线性力学国家重点实验室 100083
王君 中国科学院力学研究所非线性力学国家重点实验室中国科学院大学工程科学学院 
辛鹏 中国人民解放军南部战区总医院骨科 
刘谟语 中国科学院力学研究所 
汪芷萱 中国科学院力学研究所非线性力学国家重点实验室 
郇勇* 中国科学院力学研究所非线性力学国家重点实验室中国科学院大学工程科学学院 100190
摘要点击次数: 217
全文下载次数: 0
中文摘要:
      摘要 目的:在临床应用及骨力学研究中,尸体骨样品稀缺且一致性较差,因此力学等效仿真骨不可或缺。美国Sawbones合成骨是目前世界上最具认可度的力学等效仿真骨,但其模型基于西方人开发,与中国人骨型有差异,尤其是股骨前弓角和前倾角与中国人有较大不同。本文旨在通过生物力学实验研究基于中国人骨型研制的新型力学等效仿真骨Mbone股骨的压缩及扭转力学性能,验证其力学等效性。 方法:本文测试并对比了新型力学等效仿真骨Mbone股骨和Sawbones股骨的压缩及扭转力学性能。 结果:受压时,Mbone股骨压缩刚度比Sawbones略高7.2%,且其压缩破坏载荷在尸体骨范围内,破坏后呈现出与临床相符的股骨颈骨折;Mbone股骨内侧中段偏后方的压应变明显高于Sawbones,其他15个区域压应变与Sawbones高度一致。受扭时,Mbone股骨内旋扭转刚度比Sawbones略低6.7%,外旋扭转刚度比Sawbones低18.3%。 结论:Mbone力学等效仿真股骨在压缩及扭转力学性能上均表现出良好的力学等效性,且更贴合中国人骨型,因此认为其可以替代进口产品作为尸体骨的力学等效模型。
英文摘要:
      Abstract Objective: Cadaver bone is often used in clinic and bone biomechanical research, but its samples are scarce and the consistency between samples is poor. Therefore, a simulated bone with mechanical equivalence to cadaver bone is indispensable. Sawbones is currently the most recognized artificial bone with mechanical equivalence, but it is developed based on the American bones, which is quite different from the Chinese bones, especially the femoral anteversion and anterior arch of the femur. The purpose of this paper is to research the compressive and torsional mechanical properties of the new Chinese mechanical equivalent simulation bone Mbone femur by biomechanical test, and to verify its mechanical equivalence. Methods: In this paper, the compression and torsion mechanical properties of the Mbone femur and Sawbones femur were tested and compared. Results: The compressive stiffness of Mbone femur was slightly 7.2 % higher than that of Sawbones, and its compressive failure load was within the range of cadaver bones. After destruction, it presented a femoral neck fracture that was consistent with clinical cases. The posterior compressive strain in the middle of the medial femur of Mbone was significantly higher than that of Sawbones, and the compressive strain in the other 15 regions was highly consistent with that of Sawbones. When subjected to torsion, the inward torsional stiffness of Mbone femur was slightly 6.7 % lower than that of Sawbones and the outward torsional stiffness was significantly lower than that of Sawbones. Conclusions: Mbone femur showed satisfactory mechanical equivalence in compression and torsion mechanical properties, and was more suitable for Chinese bone. Therefore, it is considered that it can replace imported products as mechanical equivalent samples of cadaver bone.
  下载PDF阅读器
关闭

版权所有:《实验力学》编辑部
您是本站第 65121573 位访问者,今日一共访问714次,当前在线人数: 0
技术支持:本系统由北京勤云科技发展有限公司设计