某型电动飞机螺旋桨振动特性实验研究
Experimental study of vibration characteristics for an electric aircraft propeller
Received:September 05, 2018  Revised:December 18, 2018
DOI:10.7520/1001-4888-18-201
中文关键词:  电动飞机  螺旋桨  振动特性  固有频率
英文关键词:electric aircraft  propeller  vibration characteristics  natural frequency
基金项目:航空科学基金项目(20173254006);辽宁省教育厅项目(L201622);辽宁省自然科学基金指导计划(20180550824);沈阳市科学技术计划项目(F16-205-1-07)资助
Author NameAffiliation
XIANG Song* 1.Shenyang Aircraft Design Institute, Shenyang 110035, Liaoning, China
2.Liaoning General Aviation Academy, Shenyang 110136, Liaoning, China
3.Shenyang Aerospace University, Shenyang 110136, Liaoning, China 
YANG Feng-tian 1.Shenyang Aircraft Design Institute, Shenyang 110035, Liaoning, China
2.Liaoning General Aviation Academy, Shenyang 110136, Liaoning, China 
WANG Zhi Shenyang Aerospace University, Shenyang 110136, Liaoning, China 
LIU Yuan-qiang 1.Liaoning General Aviation Academy, Shenyang 110136, Liaoning, China
2.Shenyang Aerospace University, Shenyang 110136, Liaoning, China 
ZHAO Wei-ping Shenyang Aerospace University, Shenyang 110136, Liaoning, China 
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中文摘要:
      某型电动飞机采用螺旋桨产生拉力,为了防止螺旋桨工作时共振,利用ES-2-150振动实验系统进行了两叶木质螺旋桨和碳纤维螺旋桨的振动特性实验,采用谐振搜索与驻留方法测量出木质螺旋桨的第一阶固有频率为36.07Hz,碳纤维螺旋桨的第一阶固有频率为73.58Hz。螺旋桨爬升状态转频为39Hz,这与木质螺旋桨的第一阶固有频率非常接近,导致木质螺旋桨在爬升状态出现比较严重的振动故障。因此,某型电动飞机最终选择两叶碳纤维螺旋桨作为其拉力产生装置。
英文摘要:
      The propeller is used to generate the thrust for an electric aircraft. In order to prevent the propeller from suffering resonance, the ES-2-150 vibration testing system is used to study the vibration characteristics of two-blade wooden propeller and carbon fiber propeller. The first-order natural frequency of wooden propeller is 36.07Hz, and that of carbon fiber propeller is 73.58Hz by the measurement of resonance search and residence method. The rotation frequency of propeller at climbing state is 39Hz, which is very close to the first-order natural frequency of wooden propeller, resulting in the vibraion fault of the electric aircraft at climbing condition. Finally, a two-blade carbon fiber propeller is used as the thrust generating device of the electric aircraft.
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