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杨康*,项松,刘远强,赵为平.基于MRF模型的旋翼桨叶气动特性分析与试验[J].实验力学,2017,32(6):859~864
基于MRF模型的旋翼桨叶气动特性分析与试验
Aerodynamic Characteristic Analysis and Experiment of Rotor Blade Based on MRF Model
投稿时间: 2016-10-17  最后修改时间: 2016-12-08
DOI:10.7520/1001-4888-16-210
中文关键词:  多旋翼飞行器  旋翼桨叶  多重参考系模型(MRF模型)  气动性能  风洞试验
英文关键词:multi rotor aircraft  rotor blade  multi-reference frame model (MRF model)  aerodynamic performance  wind tunnel experiment
基金项目:辽宁省自然科学基金计划资助(2013024018)
作者单位
杨康* 1.沈阳航空航天大学 沈阳 110136; 2.辽宁通用航空研究院 沈阳 110136 
项松 1.沈阳航空航天大学 沈阳 110136; 2.辽宁通用航空研究院 沈阳 110136 
刘远强 辽宁通用航空研究院 沈阳 110136 
赵为平 沈阳航空航天大学 沈阳 110136 
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中文摘要:
      多旋翼飞行器主要由旋翼桨叶为其提供拉力。在旋翼桨叶设计阶段,能准确地预测出桨叶的效率、拉力、功率和扭矩等性能参数是十分必要的。本文采用基于MRF模型的CFD数值分析,对直径为735mm、梢部桨叶角为7°、根部桨距角为22°的木质旋翼桨叶进行气动特性分析。在西北工业大学NF-3风洞的三元试验段测量了风速为零时该旋翼桨叶的气动性能数据,包括:拉力、扭矩、功率、拉力功率比。试验结果与基于MRF模型的数值模拟方法结果有较好的一致性,证明了本文采用基于MRF模型的CFD数值模拟方法研究桨叶气动特性的正确性和实用性。
英文摘要:
      The thrust of multi rotor aircraft is mainly provided by rotor blades. On the stage of rotor blade design, it is very necessary to accurately predict the performance parameters of blade, such as efficiency, thrust force, power and torque etc. Adopting computational fluid dynamics (CFD) numerical method based on multi-reference frame (MRF) model, aerodynamic performance analysis was carried out, for a wooden rotor blade which diameter is 735mm, tip blade angle is 7 drgrees and blade root pitch angle is 22 degrees. Aerodynamic performance data of rotor blade specimen, including thrust force, torque, power and thrust power ratio, were measured by using 3-dimensional measurement section of NF-3 wind tunnel at Northwest Polytechnical University. Experimental results are in good agreement with numerical analysis results based on MRF model, which demonstrates the correctness and practicability of CFD numerical analysis method based on MRF model.
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