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王磊*,王泽康,张振华,闫安志.超高层建筑多种风洞试验方式对比研究[J].实验力学,2018,33(4):534~542
超高层建筑多种风洞试验方式对比研究
Comparative study of various wind tunnel experimental methods for super high-rise building
投稿时间: 2017-02-21  最后修改时间: 2017-04-05
DOI:10.7520/1001-4888-17-032
中文关键词:  风洞试验  刚性模型  强迫振动模型  多自由度气弹模型
英文关键词:wind tunnel experiment  rigid model  forced vibration model  multi-degree of freedom aeroelastic model
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(51178359, 51308195, 51708186)资助, 河南理工大学博士基金(B2016-62)
作者单位
王磊* 1.河南理工大学土木工程学院 河南焦作 454000 2.武汉大学土木建筑工程学院 湖北武汉 430072 
王泽康 河南理工大学土木工程学院 河南焦作 454000 
张振华 河南理工大学土木工程学院 河南焦作 454000 
闫安志 河南理工大学土木工程学院 河南焦作 454000 
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中文摘要:
      为了研究超高层建筑不同风洞试验方式结果的差异及原因,对某347m超高层建筑进行了刚性测压模型、强迫振动模型和多自由度气弹模型风洞试验,并将三种试验结果进行分析。对比了刚性测压模型与气弹模型的风致位移响应,分析气动阻尼比对位移响应的影响;同时对比了强迫振动模型与多自由度气弹模型在湍流场及均匀流场中气弹参数的差异。结果表明:刚性测压模型风洞试验在气弹效应不显著的情况下较为可靠而方便;当气弹效应较显著时,多自由度气弹模型的风洞试验结果更为真实;在均匀流场中,结构发生共振时,强迫振动模型的风洞试验结果有一定的参考价值,但在湍流场中,特别是不发生共振时,试验结果与实际情况存在较大差异。高层建筑强迫振动模型振动形式的不精确性会导致试验结果的失真,将强迫振动模型应用到实际高层建筑抗风时,其振动形式还有待改进。
英文摘要:
      In order to investigate the difference and cause of results obtained from different wind tunnel experiment methods for super high-rise building, adopting the rigid pressure model, forced vibration model and multi-degree of freedom aeroelastic model, wind tunnel experiment was carried out, respectively, for a 347-m high-rise building. Results obtained from every model were analyzed. The wind-induced displacement response of rigid pressure measurement model and aeroelastic model was compared, and the influence of aerodynamic damping ratio on displacement response was analyzed. At the same time, the difference of aeroelastic parameters between forced vibration model and the multi-degree of freedom aeroelastic model in turbulent flow field and uniform flow field was compared, respectively. Results show that the wind tunnel experiment by using rigid pressure model is more reliable and convenient, under the condition that the aeroelastic effect is not significant; when the aeroelastic effect is more significant, the results obtained from wind tunnel experiment by multi-degree of freedom aeroelastic model are more true. In uniform flow field, when the structure is resonant, the results from wind tunnel experiment using forced vibration model have some reference value; but in the turbulent flow, especially when there is no resonance, its experimental results are quite different from the actual situation. The inaccuracy form forced vibration model for high-rise building will lead to distortion of the experimental results. When forced vibration model is applied to the actual high-rise buildings, the vibration form needs to be improved.
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