用两种ISRM推荐圆盘试样测试岩石断裂韧度的试验研究
Experimental study on testing rock fracture toughness with two types of disc specimens recommended by ISRM
Received:September 27, 2018  Revised:January 04, 2019
DOI:10.7520/1001-4888-18-216
中文关键词:  岩石断裂韧度  峰值载荷  人字型切槽巴西圆盘试样(CCNBD)  中心直裂纹三点弯曲试样(NSCB)  声发射
英文关键词:rock fracture toughness  peak load  Cracked Chevron Notched Brazilian Disc (CCNBD)  Notch Semi-Circular Bend (NSCB)  acoustic emission
基金项目:国家自然科学基金面上项目(No.51674101,51704098);河南省重点实验室开放基金(S201605)
Author NameAffiliation
ZHAO Wen-feng School of Energy Science and Engineering, Henan Polytechnic University, Jiaozuo 454001, Henan, China 
ZHANG Sheng* 1.School of Energy Science and Engineering, Henan Polytechnic University, Jiaozuo 454001, Henan, China
2.Collaborative Innovation Center of Coal Work Safety, Jiaozuo 454001, Henan, China 
WANG Meng School of Energy Science and Engineering, Henan Polytechnic University, Jiaozuo 454001, Henan, China 
SHEN Wen-long School of Energy Science and Engineering, Henan Polytechnic University, Jiaozuo 454001, Henan, China 
JIAO Zhen-guo Baidong Coal Industry Co.Ltd. of Datong Coal Mine Group, Datong 037003, Shanxi, China 
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中文摘要:
      采用国际岩石力学协会推荐的人字型切槽巴西圆盘试样(CCNBD)和中心直裂纹三点弯曲试样(NSCB),在RMT-150B试验机上进行了劈裂加载试验,结合声发射仪对比分析了不同尺寸试样的载荷-位移曲线、破坏形态和断裂韧度测试值的差异。结果表明:CCNBD试样的载荷-位移曲线可能出现二次倒拐现象,NSCB试样的载荷-位移曲线峰后直接跌落;两种试样破坏过程中的振铃计数和能量与时间的变化过程与载荷-时间曲线完全对应;NSCB试样测得的大理岩断裂韧度平均值比CCNBD试样测试值偏高4%左右,但试样尺寸较大时,偏高程度更为明显;两种试样都是劈裂加载破坏形式,CCNBD试样在端部可能出现偏离加载直径方向的破坏形式,本研究结果有助于进一步完善和推广ISRM测试岩石断裂韧度的建议方法。
英文摘要:
      The splitting loading tests of Cracked Chevron Notched Brazilian Disc specimen (CCNBD) and Notch Semi-Circular Bend specimen (NSCB) recommended by International Association of Rock Mechanics were carried out on RMT-150B tester. The load-displacement curve, failure mode and fracture toughness test value of the specimens by different size specimens were compared and analyzed. The result indicates that the load displacement curve of CCNBD specimen may be reversed twice and the load displacement curve of NSCB specimen falls directly after the peak. The ring counting, energy and time variation in the failure process of specimens completely corresponds to the load-time curve. The average fracture toughness of marble measured by NSCB specimens is about 4% higher than that of CCNBD specimens and the higher degree is more obvious when the specimen size is larger. Both types of specimens are fractured under splitting load, and CCNBD specimen may deviate from the direction of loading diameter at the end. The study is helpful to improve and popularize the method of testing rock fracture toughness suggested by ISRM.
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