基于普通镜头与改进视场分离技术的光学引伸计
Optical extensometer based on the common lens and modified field-of-view splitting technique
Received:February 08, 2023  Revised:March 07, 2023
DOI:10.7520/1001-4888-23-026
中文关键词:  光学引伸计  视场分离  数字图像相关  应变测量精度  离面位移
英文关键词:optical extensometer  field-of-view splitting  digital image correlation  strain measurement accuracy  out-of-plane displacement
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(12172120)
Author NameAffiliation
ZHENG Renfeng College of Water Conservancy and Hydropower Engineering, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, Jiangsu, China 
ZHU Feipeng* College of Mechanics and Engineering Science, Hohai University, Nanjing 211100, Jiangsu, China 
BAI Pengxiang College of Mechanics and Engineering Science, Hohai University, Nanjing 211100, Jiangsu, China 
LEI Dong College of Mechanics and Engineering Science, Hohai University, Nanjing 211100, Jiangsu, China 
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中文摘要:
      虽然基于远心镜头的光学引伸计在应变测量中具有精度高的优点,但是远心镜头成本高、视场固定的不足使得引伸计灵活性较差,因此,本文提出了一种基于低成本普通镜头与改进视场分离技术的光学引伸计方法。该方法取2个独立视场中心线上的点作为标距点,既减小了离面刚体位移对测量方向应变的影响,又有效增加了引伸计标距。通过不锈钢试样的静态实验和单轴拉伸实验验证了该光学引伸计的可行性和稳定性,实验结果的均方根误差(RMSE)约为5με,表明提出的光学引伸计具有很高的应变测量精度。
英文摘要:
      Although optical extensometers based on telecentric lens have the advantages of high strain measurement accuracy, the shortcomings of high cost and fixed field of view (FOV) of telecentric lenses make the extensometer less flexible. Therefore, an optical extensometer based on a low-cost common lens and improved FOV-splitting technique was proposed. This method took the points on the centerline of two independent fields of view as the gauge points, which not only reduced the influence of the rigid-body displacement on the strain of the measurement direction, but also effectively increased the gauge length of the extensometer. Static experiments and uniaxial tensile experiments of a stainless-steel specimen were carried out to verify the feasibility and measurement accuracy of the optical extensometer, and the root mean square error (RMSE) of the experimental results was approximately 5με, indicating that the improved optical extensometer has high strain measurement accuracy.
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