气动热环境下材料力学性能测试新技术
A universal measurement technology for material mechanical properties under aero-thermal environment
Received:May 18, 2018  Revised:October 23, 2018
DOI:10.7520/1001-4888-18-118
中文关键词:  气动热环境  热障  高温力学性能
英文关键词:aero-thermal environment  thermal barrier  high-temperature mechanical properties
基金项目:国家重大科学仪器设备开发专项(2011YQ14014505);(中央高校基本科研业务费(FRF-OT-17-016)
Author NameAffiliation
WANG Mei-ling* National Centre for Material Service Safety, University of Science and Technology of Beijing, Beijing 100083, China 
SUN Dong-bai School of Materials Science and Engineering, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China 
ZHAO Fei National Centre for Material Service Safety, University of Science and Technology of Beijing, Beijing 100083, China 
YANG Jian-hong School of Mechanical Engineering, University of Science and Technology of Beijing, Beijing 100083, China 
WANG Feng-ping School of Physics and Chemistry, University of Science and Technology of Beijing, Beijing 100083, China 
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中文摘要:
      飞行器飞行过程中气动加热造成的“热障”具有瞬态(短时)高温的特征,在这一瞬态高温环境下,由于温度和时间因素的共同参与,使飞行器结构材料的强度问题变得极其复杂,常规的稳态(长时)高温力学性能已不能体现材料“热障”环境下的特征。本文提出了一种气动热环境下的材料力学性能测试技术,并以GH3039合金为例,对测试技术进行了系统性验证。该技术能够模拟飞行器飞行过程中的实际气动热环境,开展飞行器结构材料瞬态高温条件下的力学性能测试,获得材料“热障”服役环境下的真实强度信息,为飞行器结构材料高温力学性能测试提供了一个新的思路和发展方向。
英文摘要:
      The “thermal barrier” caused by aerodynamic heating during flight of the aircraft has the characteristics of transient(short-term) high temperature. In this transient high-temperature environment, the strength of the structural material of the aircraft becomes extremely complicated due to temperature and time effects. Conventional steady-state (long-term) high-temperature mechanical properties can no longer reflect the characteristics of the material “thermal barrier” environment. In this paper, a test technique for mechanical properties of materials under aerodynamic thermal environment is proposed and systematically verified with the GH3039 alloy. Actual aero-thermal environment can be simulated, mechanical performance of the structural materials at transient high temperatures can be tested, and the real strength information in the “thermal barrier” service environment can be obtained. This technology provides a new idea and development direction for testing the high temperature mechanical properties of aircraft structural materials.
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